Throughout my academic career, I have been pursuing issues within two broad areas of inquiry. One area is social influence and attitudes, including cognitive dissonance theory. I have been interested in the determinants and processes of social influence and attitude change in a range of situations, including mass media-like persuasion settings, personal feedback settings, and interpersonal settings. As well, my research has focused on several targets of influence and persuasion, including people's attitude positions on socio-political issues, their self-concepts, and their prejudice and stereotypes.
The second overarching area is psychology and law, especially what we might call eyewitness behavior. I have been exploring the accuracy and confidence of memory reports and, more recently, how they are received, interpreted, judged, and used by factfinders (e.g., jurors, police, clinical interviewers, etc.).
- Attitudes and Beliefs
- Law and Public Policy
- Persuasion, Social Influence
- Prejudice and Stereotyping
- Self and Identity
- Zimbardo, P. G., & Leippe, M. (1991). The psychology of attitude change and social influence. New York: McGraw-Hill.
- Leippe, M. R., Eisenstadt, D., Rauch, S. M., et al. (2004). Timing of eyewitness expert testimony, jurors' need for cognition, and case strength as determinants of trial verdicts. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89(3), 524-541.
- Leippe, M. R., Eisenstadt, D., & Rauch, S. M. (2009). Cueing confidence in eyewitness identifications: Influence of biased lineup instructions and pre-identification memory feedback under varying lineup conditions. Law and Human Behavior, 33, 194-212.
- Leippe, M. R., Eisenstadt, D., Rauch, S. M., & Stambush, M. (2006). Effects of social-comparative memory feedback on eyewitnesses’ identification confidence, suggestibility, and retrospective memory reports. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 28, 201-220.
- Eisenstadt, D., Leippe, M. R., Stambush, M. A., Rauch, S. M., & Rivers, J. A. (2005). Dissonance and prejudice: Personal costs, choice, and change in attitudes and racial beliefs following counter-attitudinal advocacy that benefits a minority. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 7, 127-141.
- Leippe, M. R. (1995). The case for expert testimony about eyewitness memory. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 1, 909-959.
- Eisenstadt, D., & Leippe, M. R. (1994). The self-comparison process and self-discrepant feedback: Consequences of learning you are what you thought you were not. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 611-626.
- Leippe, M. R., & Eisenstadt, D. (1994). The generalization of dissonance reduction: Decreasing prejudice through induced compliance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 395-413.
- Leippe, M. R., Manion, A. P., & Romanczyk, A. (1992). Eyewitness persuasion: How and how well do factfinders judge the accuracy of adults' and children's memory reports? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, 181-197.
- Leippe, M. R., Romanczyk, A., & Manion, A. P. (1991). Eyewitness memory for a touching experience: Accuracy differences between child and adult witnesses. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76, 367-379.
- Eisenstadt, D., Leippe, M. R., Rivers, J. A., & Stambush, M. A. (2003). Counterattitudinal advocacy on a matter of prejudice: Effects of distraction, commitment and personal importance. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 33(10), 2123-2152.
- Leippe, M. R., & Eisenstadt, D. (2007). Eyewitness confidence and the confidence- accuracy relationship in memory for people. In R. C. L. Lindsay, D. F. Ross, J. D. Read, & M. P. Toglia (Eds.), Handbook of eyewitness psychology (Vol. 2, pp. 377-425). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
- Leippe, M. R., & Eisenstadt, D. (1999). A self-accountability model of dissonance reduction: Multiple modes on a continuum of elaboration. In E. Harmon-Jones & J. Mills (Eds.), Cognitive dissonance: Progress on a pivotal theory in social psychology (pp. 201-232). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
- Leippe, M. R., & Eisenstadt, D. (2009). The influence of eyewitness expert testimony on jurors’ beliefs and judgments. In B. L. Cutler (Ed.), Expert testimony on the psychology of eyewitness identification (pp. 169-199). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
- Eisenstadt, D., & Leippe, M. R. (2010). Social influences on eyewitness confidence: The social psychology of memory self-certainty. In R. M. Arkin, K. C. Oleson, & P. J. Carroll (Eds.), The uncertain self: A handbook of perspectives from social and peronality psychology. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum
- Attitudes and Attitude Change
- Forensic Eperimental Psychology and Law
- General Psychology
- Persuasion, Compliance, Mind Control
- Psychological Statistics
- Psychology and Law
- Research Methods
- Social Influence in the Legal System
- Social Psychology
Department of Psychology
John Jay College of Criminal Justice
445 West 59th Street
New York, NY 10019
- Phone: (646) 557-4626
- Fax: (212) 237-8930